Frequently Asked Questions
What is coppice?
Many British broad-leaved trees including hazel, chestnut, ash and oak can be coppiced.
Coppicing means cutting the tree or bush down to the stump. The plant then re-grows producing multiple stems called rods or poles. These can then be harvested and the poles converted into a wide range of products.
Different species are cut at different ages:
Chestnut (for walking sticks)
Age at cutting in years
The age that the coppice is cut will to some extent depend on the final product. As shown above chestnut was cut after two to four years for walking sticks although this market has virtually disappeared in recent years.
For more information take a look at the National coppice Federations website
Why coppice woodland?
This is probably one of the most commonly asked questions after “what is coppice?”. Many people see derelict coppice and think that it is wild wood. In most cases this it just neglected woodland.
Coppicing is probably one of the oldest forms of woodland management with archeological evidence of woven fish traps dating back to 5000BC.
Much of the semi-natural ancient woodland in the south of England has developed under coppice management with many areas being cut on rotation up to the mid 1960s, with others still being cut today. In some woodland there is evidence that the coppicing has been carried out for more than 2000 years.
There are many benefits, both economic and ecological, to coppice being worked. These include:
- Offering rural employment to local craftsmen
- It is clean, quiet and environmentally friendly
- Good quality coppice is a viable economic crop
- It benefits wildlife
- It is a renewable resource
- It keeps old skills going
- It looks good!
Coppice products and their uses
Coppice products have been used in Britain since man first realised that when he cut down a tree it sprouted from the base. The table below shows the more common uses for coppice:
Fence posts, cleft rails, stakes, walking sticks, pergolas, rose arches, shingles (roof tiles)
Screening, Sculptures, biofuel
As well as the products mentioned above, many of the species make very good firewood and charcoal.
What are the benefits of landscape and wildlife conservation?
Coppicing has many benefits to the countryside, the largest of which is its value to landscape and conservation. The British landscape would be a much less attractive place if our woodlands were lost. Here in the South we have some of the most wooded counties in England, with Hampshire, Dorset, Sussex and Kent heading the list.
The benefits are many and varied. They include:
- Many species of British flora and fauna have developed under the coppice management system and are only found in working coppice.
- Coppice woodland offers a wide range of habitats.
- Long continuity of the coppice system has enabled many species to adapt to this system.
- Coppice maintains close links with the original ancient wildwood structure.
- Coppice is often appreciated for its magnificent displays of wild spring flowers, some of which are almost entirely restricted to ancient coppice, for example Solomon’s Seal and the Early Purple Orchid.
- Woodlands are an important habitat for three-quarters of our 55 species of resident butterflies and the main habitat for 16 of them. Working coppice gives diverse conditions and the numerous sunny clearings are favored by many species.
- Nightingales and dormice can survive in derelict coppice for longer periods but they need large areas of suitable habitat to sustain viable breeding populations.
As noted above there are a number of rare species that rely on coppice woodland for their habitat. These include species such as the Orange Woodland and Pearl Bordered Fritillary butterflies, as well as the common or hazel dormouse.
Many Ancient Woodland Vascular Plants (AWVP), usually known as ancient woodland indicator species, rely on ancient woodland or hedgerows for their habitat. As the name implies, these species are a good indicator of the age of a woodland, so the more AWVP species the older the woodland.
Hedge laying has been used for many thousands of years to manage live stock.
There are many styles of layed hedge depending on the area of the country you are in.
In the Devon and Cornwall they are part of a bank or wall while In the rest of the country a simple hedge.
Hedges are an important part of our contryside and a liad hedge is an important habitat for wildlife. for more information take a look at the National Hedgelaying Society